Welcome to Camp Wilderness! Join Counselor Tom and the campers of Team Five as they travel through the animal kingdom and learn about the adaptations animals have make in order to live and prosper. Covers both the physical and behavioral adaptations of animals in regard to getting food, water, oxygen, protection from predators, shelter, and reproduction. Students will learn just how important adaptation is in the survival of all animal species.
Discover how animals have special body parts and behaviors that help them live in their environment.
- Students will learn animals have basic needs that have to be met in order for them to survive and reproduce: Food, Water, Oxygen, Climate (the weather of a place averaged over many years), Protection from predators, Shelter (a place where an animal is protected from other animals or from the weather), Reproduce and raise young.
- Students will understand animals survive because each species has specialized characteristics or features that provide them with ways to meet their needs in whatever environment or habitat they live. These characteristics are call adaptations.
- Students will observe an adaptation may be a physical part of an animal or a particular behavior that it exhibits.
- Body parts are called physical or structural adaptations.
- Behaviors are called behavioral adaptations. There are two types:
i) Instinctual (know “naturally” without being taught)
ii) Learned (must be taught)
- Symbiosis is a type of adaptation involving two types of animals living in a close relationship. There are three kinds
- Students will know if an environment changes significantly, an animal must move, change or die.
- Before viewing the video
- Brainstorm with the students the basic needs of humans--what we must have in order to survive in this world. Review list after viewing.
- After viewing the video
- Brainstorm behavioral adaptations or physical adaptations of an animal the students are familiar with, such as a pet. Classify the behaviors as learned or instinctual.
- Pair up the students. Direct them to choose a habitat, then brainstorm various animals that live there. For each animal, list an adaptation which enables it to survive there. After each adaptation, write which basic need it fulfills and whether the adaptation is physical or behavioral. (Books with photos of animals of various habitats would be helpful.)
- Basic Needs
- Physical and Behavioral Adaptations
- Adaptations to Get Food
- Adaptations to Get Water
- Adaptations to Get Oxygen
- Adaptation to Climate
- Adaptation for Protection from Predators
- Adaptations for Reproduction